How To Do Paragraphs In English


Most English learners (and many native speakers) struggle to effectively paragraph. It can be tricky, but there are some basic rules to follow that will help improve your writing without having to learn anything new.

What is a Paragraph?

A paragraph is a group of sentences that focus on a single idea or topic. It helps to organise your writing and make it easier to read.

When to Start a New Paragraph

  1. New Idea or Point
  1. New Speaker in Dialogue
  • Example:
    • Paragraph 1: Some of the benefits of exercise include feeling happy, looking good and having more energy.
    • Paragraph 2: Good exercise options are running, walking and Zumba!
  • Explanation: Each paragraph should cover one main idea. When you move to a new idea, begin a new paragraph.
  • Example:
    • “I can’t believe it,” John said.
    • “Neither can I,” replied Mary.
  • Explanation: When writing dialogue, start a new paragraph each time a different character speaks.
  1. Emphasise a Point
  • Example:
    • Exercise has many benefits. It improves physical health, boosts mental well-being, and increases energy levels.
    • Additionally, regular exercise can help prevent chronic diseases.
  • Explanation: Sometimes, starting a new paragraph can help to emphasise a point or idea.
  1. Break Up Large Blocks of Text
  • Example: If your paragraph is becoming too long, break it up into smaller paragraphs.
  • Explanation: Large blocks of text can be difficult to read. Shorter paragraphs make your writing more reader-friendly. Sometimes paragraphing is as simple as thinking you’ve written too much so you move onto a new paragraph!

How to Structure a Paragraph

  1. Topic Sentence
  • Definition: Introduces the main idea.
  • Example: “Exercise has numerous benefits for both the body and mind.”
  1. Supporting Sentences
  • Definition: Sentences that provide details, examples, and explanations to support the topic sentence.
  • Example: “It helps to reduce stress, improve mood, and increase overall health. Regular exercise can also lead to better sleep and more energy.”
  1. Concluding Sentence
  • Definition: The final sentence that summarises the main idea and provides a transition to the next paragraph.
  • Example: “Therefore, incorporating exercise into your daily routine can lead to significant improvements in your quality of life.”

Tips for Effective Paragraphing

  • Keep Paragraphs Focused: Stick to one main idea per paragraph.
  • Be Concise: Avoid unnecessary words and stay on topic.
  • Use Transition Words: Words like “however,” “additionally,” and “for example” can help connect ideas between paragraphs.
  • Vary Paragraph Length: Mix short and longer paragraphs to keep the reader engaged.


Paragraphing is very important to improve your writing skill and ensure that people understand what you are trying to tell them. Although it can seem difficult when learning English, paragraphing is actually very easy!

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